What is hydrochlorothiazide used for?
Chemical Name: HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE (hye-droe-klor-oh-THYE-a-zide)
Hydrochlorothiazide is a TABLET.
Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) is a thiazide diuretic (water pill) that helps prevent your body from absorbing too much salt, which can cause fluid retention. Patients are prescribed this medication to treat fluid retention (edema) in those with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver, or kidney disorders, or edema caused by taking steroids or estrogen high blood pressure and fluid retention caused by various conditions, including heart disease.
Follow the directions for using this medicine provided by your doctor. This Medicine will increase urination. If you are taking 1 dose of this medicine daily, take it in the morning to prevent this from affecting your sleep. If you are taking more than 1 dose daily, take the last dose no later than 6 pm.
To make sure you can safely take HCTZ, tell your doctor if you have:
- kidney disease
- liver disease
- asthma or allergies
- an allergy to sulfa drugs
- are pregnant or planning on becoming pregnant
- breastfeeding or planning on breastfeeding
Most medications can cause side effects which can be defined as an unwanted response to a medication when it is taken in normal doses. Side effects can range from mild or severe, temporary or permanent. Side effects are not experienced all patients who take this medication. Many side effects can be managed, and others may go away over time.
Common side effects may include muscle weakness, dizziness, cramps, thirst, stomach pain, upset stomach, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, headache and hair loss.
Serious side effects may include eye pain, vision problems; dry mouth, thirst, nausea, vomiting; feeling weak, drowsy, restless, or light-headed; fast or uneven heartbeat; muscle pain or weakness; numbness or tingly feeling; a red, blistering, peeling skin rash; or nausea, stomach pain, low fever, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes).
Get emergency medical attention if you have any signs of an allergic reaction (hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat). Stop using Hydrochlorothiazide immediately and call your doctor at once if you experience any of the above noted serious side effects.